Flotation therapy research

*Source: http://aplacetofloat.com/research/

Feel free to take a look below at the myriad of scientific research done on flotation therapy and its applications. Studies are listed in chronological order. To find a specific topic, use CTRL + F (on a PC) or CMD + F (on a Mac) in your browser to search for particular terms.


Dr. Roderick Borrie and Dr. Tamara Russell (2011).
Floatation REST Therapy Results in Pain Relief and Relaxation for Fibromyalgia Patients.

Floatation Therapy Research Group

Jacobs, T. (2011).
The effect of the floatation version of restricted environmental stimulation technique (REST) on Jazz Improvisation.

Music and Medicine, October 2011 3(4), p. 234-238

Roderick Borrie, Ph.D. (2010).
A Proposal for an International Floatation Project.

2010 Floatation Summit on September 25 -26, 2010 in London.

Roderick Borrie, Ph.D. (2010).
Toward Wider Clinical Use of Flotation REST.

This paper was presented September 25, 2010 at the 2010 Flotation Summit in London, UK.

Edebol, Hanna; Bood, Ake Bood, Sven; Norlander, Torsten (2008).
Chronic Whiplash-Associated Disorders and Their Treatment Using Floatation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique).

Qualitative Health Research

Kjellgren, Anette; Lyden, Francisca; Norlander, Torsten (2008).
Sensory Isolation in Flotation Tanks: Altered States of Consciousness and Effects on Well-being.

The Qualitative Report Volume 13 Number 4 December 2008 636-656

Åsenlöf, K., Olsson, S., Bood, S. Å., & Norlander, T. (2007).
Case studies on fibromyalgia and burn-out depression using psychotherapy in combination with flotation-REST: Personality development and increased well-being..

N/A

Bood, S. Å. (2007).
Bending and mending the neurosignature. Frameworks of influence by flotation-REST (Restricted environmental stimulation technique) upon wellbeing in patients with stress related ailments.

Doctoral dissertation, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden. ISSN 1403-8099.

Bood, S.A. (2007).
Floating Effective for Stress and Pain, Research Suggests.

Science Daily (Nov. 6, 2007)

Bood, S. Å., Sundequist, U., Kjellgren, A., Nordström, G., & Norlander, T. (2007).
Effects of REST(Restricted Environmental Stimulation technique) on Stress related muscle pain: Are 33 flotationsessions more effective than 12 sessions?.

Personality and Behaviour, 35, 143156

Landström, A., Bood, S.Å., Kjellgren, A., & Norlander, T. (2007).
Treating stress related pain in a clinical sample with flotation-REST:A further report on improvementson pain assessed by the Pain Area Inventory (PAI)..

Social Behaviour and Personality,35, 1279 1280

Bood, S. Å. (2006).
Bending and mending the neurosignature. Eliciting the relaxation response with help of flotation-REST in patients with stress related pain. Doctoral Dissertation..

Karlstad University Studies

Bood, S. Å., Sundequist, U., Norlander, T., Nordström, L., Nordenström, K., Kjellgren, A., et al. (2006).
Eliciting the relaxation response with help of flotation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) in patients with stress related ailments..

International Journal of Stress Management, 13, 154-175.

Bood, S. Å., Sundequist, U., Kjellgren, A., Nordström, G., & Norlander, T. (2005).
Effects of flotation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) on stress related muscle pain: What makes the difference in therapy, attention-placebo, or the relaxation response?.

Pain Research and Mangement; 2005 Winter;10(4):201-9.

Van Dierendonck, Dirk; Nijenhuis, Jan Te (2005).
Flotation restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST) as a stress-management tool: A meta-analysis.

Psychology and Health, 20, 405-412.

Kjellgren, A., Sundequist, U., Sundholm, U., Norlander, T., Archer, T.; (2004).
Altered Consciousness In Floatation-REST and Chamber-REST: Experience of Experimental Pain and Subjective Stress.

Word Doc

Kjellgren, Anette (2003).
Relaxation in a floatation tank brings peace and quiet, increased well-being and reduced pain..

The Swedish Research Council 05.11.2003

Kjellgren, Anette (2003).
The Experience of flotation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimultation Technique): Consciousness, Creativity, Subjective Stress and Pain..

Doctoral dissertation, Göteborgs Universitet, Göteborg, Sweden. ISSN 1101-718X.

Norlander, T., Gård, L., Lindholm, L., & Archer, T. (2003).
New age: Exploration of outlook–on–life frameworks from a phenomenological perspective.

Mental Health, Religion, & Culture, 6, 1-20.

Kjellgren, A., Sundequist, U., Norlander, T., & Archer, T. (2001).
Effects of flotation REST on muscle tension pain..

Pain Research and Management, 6, 181-189.

Norlander, T., Kjellgren, A., & Archer, T. (2001).
The experience of flotation-REST as a function of setting and previous experience of altered states of consciousness..

Imagination, Cognition and Personality

Norlander, T., Kjellgren, A., & Archer, T. (2001).
The experience of floatation-REST as a function of setting and previous experience of altered states of consciousness..

Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 20, 161-178.

Hu Pei-Cheng, Wang RR, Shang ZH (2000).
Flotation therapy in treatment of patients with primary hypertension.

Clinical Psychology Journal (China) 2000; 14: 414-416

Hill, S.; Eckett, M.J.H.; Peterson, C.; Harkness, E.F. (1999).
A pilot study to evaluate the effects of floatation spa treatment on patients with osteoarthritis.

Complementary Therapies in Medicine

Hu Pei-Cheng, SU Ying (1999).
The origin and status quo of flotation therapy.

Clinical Psychology Journal (China) 1999; 7:248-252.

Richardson, Sean O. (1999).
Imagery, Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Enhancing Mental Training and Rowing Ergometer Performance through Flotation REST.

Independent

Suedfeld P.; Borrie, R.A. (1999).
Health and Therapeutic Applications of Chamber and Floatation Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST).

Psychology and Health, 1999, Vol. 14, pp. 545-566

Barabasz M. & Barabasz A. (1997).
REST Effects on Human Performance.

6th International REST Conference. San Francisco.

Bond J. (1997).
To float or not to float… is that the question? How to maximise your use of the Sport Psychology float tanks..

How to maximise your use of the Sport Psychology float tanks.

Borrie R. (1997).
The Benefits of Flotation REST in a Pain Management Program.

N/A

Borrie, R.A. (1997).
The Benefits of Flotation REST (Restricted Environmental StimulationTherapy) in a Pain Management Program..

6th International REST Conference. San Francisco.

David B. (1997).
A Pilot Test of REST as a Relapse Prevention Treatment for Alcohol and Drug Abusers.

N/A

Foster D.S. Ph.D (1997).
EEG and Subjective Correlates of Alpha Frequency Binaural BeatsStimulation Combined with Alpha Biofeedback..

6th International REST Conference

McCormick B.A., Shafransky D.R., Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. Jr. (1997).
Effects of Flotation REST on Plasma Cortisol in Rheumatoid Arthritis.

6th International REST Conference. San Francisco

O’Toole P. & Barabasz M. (1997).
Effects of Rational Emotive Therapy and REST on Social Anxiety.

6th International REST Conference. San Francisco., Washington State University, Pullman, WA

Richardson S. (1997).
Enhancing Rowing Ergoer Performance Through Flotation REST.

6th International REST Conference. San Francisco

Shafransky D.R., McCormick B.A., Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. Jr. (1997).
Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST) on Serological Markers of Inflammation in Rheumatoid Arthritis.

6th International REST Conference. San Francisco

Dr. Suchurbruck, Dr. Berman & Tapprich J. (1997).
Treatment of Psychosomatic Illnesses Through Mental Training and Floatations in Oxygenated Magnesium Sulfate Saturated Baths.

6th International REST Conference. San Francisco.

Turner J.W. Jr., Fine T. & Hamad N.M. (1997).
Plasma Catecholamine Activity During Flotation REST.

6th International REST Conference.San Francisco

Vartarian O.A. (1997).
The Effects of Flotation REST on Musical Creativity.

6th International REST Conference. San Francisco.

Dr. Schürbrock (1996).
Treatment of Psychosomatic Illnesses Through Mental Training and Floatations in Oxygenated Magnesium Sulfate Saturated Baths, For Instance in the Treatment of Chronic Relapsing Skin Diseases (Psoriasis, Neurodermatitis).

N/A

N/A (1996).
Health Standards and Guidelines for Sensory Deprivation Tanks.

Alberta Health

Peter Suedfeld & Eric Eich (1995).
Autobiographical Memory and Affect Under Conditions of Reduced Environmental Stimulation.

Journal of Environmental Psychology

Raab, J., & Gruzelier, J. (1994).
A controlled investigation of right hemispheric processing enhancement after restricted environmental stimulation (REST) with flotation.

Psychological Medicine, 24, 457-462

Rand Walker, W. Freeman, R.F., Christensen, D.K.. (1994).
Restricting Environmental Stimulation (REST) to enhance cognitive behavioral treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder with schizotypal personality disorder.

Behavior therapy, Vol 25(4), Autumn 1994, p.709-719

Suedfeld, P.; Steel, G. Daniel; Wallbaum, Alistair B.C.; Bluck, Susan; Livesey, Nigel; Capozzi, Lorianna (1994).
Psychology Explaining The Effects of Stimulus Restriction: Testing the Dynamic Hemisphereic Asymmetry Hpyothesis.

Journal of Environmental Psychology (1994) 14, 87-100

Turner, John Jr.; Gerard, William; Hyland, John; Nieland, Pamela, Fine, Thomas (1993).
Effects of Wet and Dry Floatation on Blood Pressure and Plasma Cortisol.

Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 239-248. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Atkinson R. (1993).
Short-Term Exposure to REST: Enhancement Performance on a Signal-Detection Task..

Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.93-100. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Ballard E. (1993).
REST in the Treatment of Persistent Psychophysiological Insomnia.

Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments andPerspectives. pp. 187-203

Barabasz M., Barabasz A. & Dyer R. (1993).
Chamber REST Reduces Alcohol Consumption: 3,6, 12 and 24 Hour Sessions.

N/A

Barabasz A.F. & Barabasz M. (1993).
Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives.

N/A

Barabasz A., Barabasz M., Dyer R. & Rather N. (1993).
Effects of Chamber REST, Flotation REST and Relaxation on Transient Mood State.

N/A

Barabasz M. & Barabasz A. (1993).
REST: A Key Facilitator in the Treatment of Eating Disorders.

N/A

Barabasz, A., Barabasz M., Bauman J. (1993).
Restricted environmental stimulation technique improves human performance: rifle marksmanship.

Perceptual and Motor Skills, 76, 867-873.

Barabasz M. & Barabasz A. (1993).
Treatment of Trichotillomania and Smoking with Hypnosis and REST.

N/A

Barabasz, A. F. and Barabasz, M. (1993).
The effects of consecutive floats and their timing on premenstrual syndrome; Jessen, Walter.; Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation.

Independent

Borrie R., Dana J., Perry S., & Friedman M. (1993).
Flotation REST, Physical Therapy and Psychological Intervention in the Treatment of Physical Disabilities.

Clinical and ExperimentalRestricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 289-296

Brownfield C. (1993).
Slow REST or Fast Drugs: Meditation or Medication.

N/A

DiRito D. (1993).
Motivational Factors in Alcohol Consumption: Extending Hull’s Model.

N/A

Dyer R., Barabasz A. & Barabasz M. (1993).
Twenty-Four Hours of Chamber REST Produces Specific Food Aversions in Obese Females.

N/A

Fine T., Mills D, Turner J. Jr. (1993).
Differential Effects of Wet and Dry Flotation REST on EEG Frequency and Amplitude..

Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.205-213. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Fine, Thomas; Mills, Donna; Turner, John Jr. (1993).
Differential Effects of Wet and Dry Floatation REST on EEG Frequency and Amplitude.

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Harrison J. & Barabasz A. (1993).
REST as a Treatment for Children with Autism.

Clinical andExperimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.269-280.

Jessen W. (1993).
The Effects of Consecutive Floats and Their Timing on Premenstrual Syndrome.

N/A

McAlenay P. & Barabasz A. (1993).
Effects of Flotation REST and Visual Imagery on Athletic Performance: Tennis.

Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.79-86. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Mee, S. (1993).
A Neo-Dissociation Conceptualization of REST.

Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives pp. 1-16

Ruzyla-Smith P. & Barabasz A. (1993).
Effects of Flotation REST on the Immune Response: T-Cells, B-Cells, Helper and Suppressor Cells..

Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 223-238. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Steel G. (1993).
Relaxed and Alert: Patterns of T-Wave Amplitude and Heart Rate in a REST Environment..

Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 249-260. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Suedfeld, P. (1993).
Stimulus and Theoretical Reductionism: What Underlies REST Effects?.

Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 3 – 9. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Suedfeld, P. (1993).
Stimulus and Theoretical Reductionism: What Underlies REST Effects?.

N/A

Turner, John Jr.; Fine, Thomas (1993).
The Physiological Effects of Flotation REST.

Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 215-222. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Turner, John Jr.; DeLeon, Anna; Gibson, Cathy; Fine, Thomas (1993).
Effects of Flotation REST on Range Motion, Grip Strength and Pain in Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Clinical and Experimental RestrictedEnvironmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 297-306.

Turner J. Jr., Shroeder H. & Fine T.H. (1993).
A Method for Continuous Blood Sampling During Flotation REST.

Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp. 261-267. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Wagaman J. & Barabasz A. (1993).
Flotation REST and Imagery in the Improvement of Collegiate Athletic Performance: Basketball.

Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.87-92. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Wickramasekera I. (1993).
A Model of the Common “Active Ingredient” in Stress Reduction Techniques. Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives.

N/A

Forgays, Donald G.; Forgays, Deborah K. (1992).
Creativity Enhancement Through Flotation Isolation.

Journal of Environmental Psychology

Wagaman, J.D., Barabasz, A.F., Barabasz, M. (1991).
Floatation Tanks Enhance Visualization Effects.

Perceptual and Motor Skills

Wallbaum AB, Rzewnicki R, Steele H, Suedfeld P. (1991).
Progressive muscle relaxation and restricted environmental stimulation therapy for chronic tension headache: a pilot study.

Int J Psychosom. 1991;38(1-4):33-9.

Adams, H.B. (1990).
The Incredible History of REST Technology.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.11 -28. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press

Baker D.A (1990).
The Use of REST in the Enhancement of Sports Performance-Tennis. Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.181-187. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press

Barabasz M., O’Neill M. & Scoggin G. (1990).
The Physiological Panic Button: New Data.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 112-119.

Barabasz M., O’Neill M., Scoggin G. (1990).
The Physiological panic Button: New Data.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.112-119. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Borrie, R.A. (1990).
The use of restricted environmental stimulation therapy in treating addictive behaviors..

International Journal on Addiction, 1990-91;25(7A-8A):995-1015.

Bross, Michael (1990).
A Cybernetic Model of Restricted Environmental Stimulation Effects.

N/A

Budzynski T.H. (1990).
Hemespheric Asymmetry and REST.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Theoretical and Empirical Developments in Flotation REST. pp.2-21

Coren, S., Suedfeld P. (1990).
Data vc Drama: Introductory Psychology Textbook’s View of REST Research.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary pp. 62-69

Ewy G., Sershon P., Freundlich T. (1990).
The Presence or Absence of Light in the REST Experience: Effects on Plasma Cortisol, Blood Pressure and Mood..

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 120-133. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. (1990).
Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary.

N/A

Goldstein D.D. & Jessen W.E. (1990).
Flotation Effect on Premenstrual Syndrome.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 260-266

Grunberg N.E. (1990).
Potential Applications of Restricted Environmental Stimulus Therapy in Behavioral Health.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.36-50. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Helmreich N.E. (1990).
The Critical Role of Personality and Organizational Factors as Determinants of Reactions to Restricted and Stressful Environments.

N/A

Hunt T. (1990).
Body-Centered Therapies: A Holographic Paradigm for Understanding REST.

N/A

Jessen, W. E. (1990).
In-tank floatation therapy.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation (pp. 152-157).

Mahoney M.J. (1990).
Applications of Flotation REST in Personal Development..

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.174-180. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press

Malowitz R., Tortora T. & Lehmann C.A. (1990).
Effects of Floating in a Saturated Epsom Salts Solution Disinfected with Bromine on the Aerobic Microbial Flora of the Skin.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.139-150. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

McAleney, P. J., Barabasz, A. & Barabasz, M. (1990).
Effects of flotation restricted environmental stimulation on intercollegiate tennis performance..

Perceptual and Motor Skills

McGrady, A. (1990).
Psychophysiological Regulation of Blood Pressure.

RestrictedEnvironmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 29-35

Melchiori L.G. & Barabasz A.F. (1990).
Effects of Flotation REST on Simulated Instrument Flight Performance.

N/A

Metcalfe J. & Suedfeld P. (1990).
Enhancing the Creativity of Psychologists Through Flotation REST.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.204-212. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press

Mereday C., Lehman C. & Borrie R. (1990).
Flotation For The Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp. 255-259

Miller M.F. & Barabasz M. (1990).
Effects of Restricted Environmental Stimulation on Inversion Perception.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.86 – 93. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press

Norlander, T., Bergman, H., & Archer, T. (1990).
Effects of flotation REST on creative problem solving and originality.

Journal of Environmental Psychology, 18, 399-408.

Pudvah M.B. & Rzewnicki R. (1990).
Six Months in the Tank: The Long-Term Effects of Flotation Isolation on State Anxiety, Hostility and Depression.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation:Research and Commentary. pp. 79-85

Ramirez C.E., Suedfeld P., Remick R.A. & Fleming J.A.E. (1990).
Potential Beneficial Effect of REST on Patients with Electroconvulsive Therapy.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.188-195. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Rzewnicki R., Wallbaum A.B.C., Steel H. & Suedfeld P. (1990).
REST for Muscle Contraction Headaches: A Comparison of Two REST Environments Combined with Progressive Muscle Relaxation Training.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.245-254. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Suedfeld, P. (1990).
Distress, No Stress, Anti-Stress, Eustress: Where Does REST Fit In?.

N/A

Suedfeld, P. (1990).
Restricted Environmental Stimulation and Smoking Cessation: A 15-Year Progress Report.

The International Journal of the Addictions, August, 25(8), 861-88

Suedfeld, P. & Bruno, T. (1990).
Flotation REST and imagery in the improvement of athletic performance.

Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

Suedfeld P., Turner J.W. & Fine T.H. (1990).
Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Theoretical and Empirical Developments in Flotation REST.

N/A

Tikalsky F.D. (1990).
Restricted Environmental Stimulation, Relaxation Therapy, Social Support and Mental Imagery as a Treatment Regimen in Breast Cancer.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp267-271. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Turner J.W. & Fine T.H. (1990).
Restricted Environmental Stimulation Influences Plasma Cortisol Levels and Their Variability.

Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. pp.71-78. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Barabasz, A.F.; Barabasz, M. (1989).
Effects of restricted environmental stimulation: enhancement of hypnotizability for experimental and chronic pain control..

International Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis: July 1989; 37(3):217-31.

Suedfeld P, Ramirez CE, Remick RA, Fleming JA. (1989).
Reduction of post-ECT memory complaints through brief, partial restricted environmental stimulation (REST)..

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 1989;13(5):693-700.

Turner JW Jr, Fine T, Ewy G, Sershon P, Freundlich T. (1989).
The presence or absence of light during flotation restricted environmental stimulation: effects on plasma cortisol, blood pressure, and mood..

Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 1989 Dec;14(4):291-300

Adams, H. B. (1988).
Arousability and the Nature of Alcohol and Substance Abuse.

N/A

Adams, H. B. (1988).
Studies in REST III: REST, Arousability and the nature of alcohol and substance abuse.

Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 5, 77-81

Cooper, G.D., Adams, H.B., & Scott, J.C. (1988).
Studies in REST I: Reduced Environmental Stimulation Therapy and Reduced Alcohol Consumption.

Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

Adams, H. B. (1987).
Studies in REST: Arousability and the nature of alcohol and substance abuse.

Report for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service

Adams, H. B., Cooper, G. D., & Scott, J. C. (1987).
REST and reduced alcohol consumption.

Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on REST

Baker D.A (1987).
The Effects of REST and Hemispheric Synchronization Compared to the Effects of REST and Guided Imagery on the Enhancement of Creativity in Problem-Solving.

2nd International Conference on REST. pp.122-126. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications

Barabasz A.F., Barabasz M. (1987).
Controlling Experimental and Situational Demand Variables in Restricted Environmental Stimulation Research.

Second International Conference on REST, pp. 110-121

Fine T.& Turner J.W. (1987).
The Effect of flotation REST on EMG Biofeedback and Plasma Cortisol.

2nd International Conference on REST. pp.148-155. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.

Lee, A. B. & Hewitt, J. (1987).
Using visual imagery in a flotation
tank to improve gymnastic performance and reduce physical
symptoms..

International Journal of Sport Psychology

Suedfeld, P. (1987).
REST Research: The Past Few Years & Perhaps the Next Few.

2nd International Conference on REST. pp.1 – 21. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications

Suefeld, P. & Baker Brown, G. (1987).
Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy of Smoking: A Parametric Study.

Additive Behaviors, 12(3), p. 263-267

Suedfeld, P., Metcalfe, J. & Bluck, S. (1987).
Enhancement of
scientific creativity by flotation REST (Restricted Environmental
Stimulation Technique).

Journal of Environmental Psychology (1987) 7, 219-231

Suedfeld, P.; Mocellin, Jane S.P. (1987).
The “Sensed Presence” in Unusual Environments.

Environment and Behavior, Vol. 19, No. 1, 33-52 (1987)

Turner, John W. Jr.; Fine, Thomas H.; McGrady, Angele; Higgins, James T. (1987).
Effects of Biobehaviorally Assisted Relaxation Therapy on Blood Pressure and Hormone Levels and Their Variation in Normotensives and Essential Hypertensives.

2nd International Conference on REST. pp.87-109. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.

Forgays, Donald G.; Belinson, MJ (1986).
Is Floatation Isolation a Relaxing Environment?.

Journal of Environmental Psychology

Suedfeld, P., Ballard, E. J., Baker-Brown, G. & Borrie, R. A. (1985).
Flow of consciousness in restricted environmental stimulation..

hnagination. Cognition and Personality’, 5, 219-230

Borrie R.A. (1985).
Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy used in Weight Reduction.

N/A

Bruno, J. J., Heilbronner, R., Fine, T, H. & Turner, J. W. (1985).
The use of subjective reports from REST: towards a developmental
systems framework..

Proceedings of the First International Conference on REST and Self-regulation.

Cahn H.A. (1985).
Sensory Isolation used with Cognition Modification Training to Restore Medically Declared Unfit Persons to Duty and Reduce Absenteeism in City of Phoenix Maintenance Workers.

First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.167-178

Fine T. & Bruno J. (1985).
Flotation REST and Smoking Cessation: A Preliminary Report.

N/A

Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. (1985).
2nd International Conference on REST.

N/A

Fine T. & Turner J.W. (1985).
The Use of Restricted Environmental Stimulation
Therapy (REST) in the Treatment of Essential Hypertension..

First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.136-143. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.

Fine, Thomas; Turner, John Jr. (1985).
Rest-assisted Relaxation and Chronic Pain.

Proceedings of the III International Congress on Psychology

Francis W.D. & Stanley J.M. (1985).
The Effects of Restricted Environmental
Stimulation on Physiological and Cognitive Indices.

First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.40-49. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.

Jacobs G.D., Kemp J.C., Keane K.M.& Belden A.D. (1985).
A Preliminary Clinical Outcome Study on a Hospital Based Stress Management Program Utilizing Flotation REST Biofeedback.

N/A

Perry, G. and Perry, L. (1985).
The personal nature of the REST experience.

In T. H. Fine and J. W. Turner, Jr. (eds), Proceedings of the First International Con[‘erence on REST and Self-Regulation. Toledo: Mcdical College of Ohio, pp. 194-197

Suedfeld, P. (1985).
Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Technique/Therapy/Transcendence.

1st International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.1-16. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.

Taylor, T. (1985).
The effects of flotation restricted environmental stimulation therapy on
learning: subjective evaluation and EEG measurements.

First International Conference onREST and Self-Regulation. pp. 76-85

Taylor T. (1985).
Enhancement of Scientific Creativity by Floatation REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy).

Proceedings of the First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation

Turner J.W. & Fine T.H. (1985).
Hormonal Changes Associated with Restricted
Environmental Stimulation Therapy..

First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. pp.17-39. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.

Delmonte, M.M. (1984).
Psychological Responses During Meditation and REST.

Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 9 (2), 181-200

Jacobs GD, Heilbronner RL, Stanley JM. (1984).
The effects of short term flotation REST on relaxation: a controlled study..

Health Psychol. 1984;3(2):99-112.

Kuola G. M., Kemp J., Keane K.M. & Belden A (1984).
Replication of a Clinical Outcome Study on a Hospital-based Stress Management and Behavioral Medicine Program Utilizing Floatation REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) and Biofeedback.

N/A

Turner, J. W., & Fine, T. H. (1984).
REST-assisted relaxation and chronic pain..

Paper presented at the XXIII International Congress of Psychology,

Barabasz, Arreed E. (1983).
Effects of Brief and Long Term REST on Conformity of Perception of Figure Inversion.

Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

Belden, Allen, and Gregg Jacobs (1983).
REST in a Hospital-Based Stress Management Program.

Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

Brockmeyer, Arthur (1983).
Floating and Asthma Reduction: A Case Study and Baseline Study Formula.

Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

Budzynski T.H. (1983).
A brain lateralization model for REST.

Paper read at the First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver, March.

Cahn, Harold (1983).
A Novel Application of Sensory Isolation: Tank Training to Reduce Sickness Abstenteeism in City of Phoenix Employees.

Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

Deaton, JE (1983).
Effectiveness of isolation in the reduction of cigarette smoking.

[no source provided]148:750-753.

Fine T.H. & Turner J.W. (1983).
First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation.

N/A

Jacobs, Gregg, Stanley, John M., Heilbronner, Robert (1983).
The Short-Term Flotation REST on Relaxation: A Controlled Study.

Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado. pp.179-185

Janda, Louis (1983).
REST in the Treatment of Obesity.

Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

O’Leary, Daniel S., Robert L. Heilbronner (1983).
Floatation REST and Information Processing: A Reaction-Time Study.

Proceedings of the First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation. Toledo: Medical College of Ohio, pp. 50-61

Perry, Glenn A., and Lee Perry (1983).
A Discussion of the Use of Floatation Tank in Public Settings for Commercial Uses.

Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

Ramirez Monzon, Carmenza (1983).
REST and Smoking Cessation in a Latin American Country.

Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

Stanley, John M., William D. Francis, and Heidi Berres (1983).
The on Cognitive Tasks.

Paper Delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

Suedfeld, P., Ballard, E. J. and Murphy, M. (1983).
Water immersion and flotation: from stress experiment to stress treatment..

Journal of Environmental Psychology, 3, 147-155.

Suefeld, P. & Kristeller, J.L. (1983).
Stimulus Reduction as a Technique in Health Psychology.

Health Psychology, 1, 337 357

Taylor, Thomas E. (1983).
Learning Studies for Higer Cognitive Levels in a Short-term Sensory Isolation Environment.

Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado

Tenerowicz, David (1983).
The Tank Center: A Culture Turns Inward..

Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado

Turner, John W. (1983).
Hormones and REST: A Controlled Study of REST-Assisted Relaxation.

Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado

Turner, John Jr.; Fine, Thomas (1983).
Effects of relaxation associated with brief restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST) on plasma cortisol, ACTH, and LH..

Biofeedback Self Regulation; March 1983; 8(1): pp.115-126

Wickramsekera, Ian (1983).
Sensory restriction and Self Hypnosis as Potentiators of Self-Regulation.

Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado

n/a (1983).
A Brain Lateralization Model for REST.

Paper delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self Regulation, Denver, Colorado

NA (1983).
REST: Technique. Treatment. Transcendence.

Address delivered at First International Conference on REST and Self-Regulation, Denver. Colorado

Barabasz, A. F. (1982).
Restricted environmental stimulation and the enhancement of hypnotizability: pain, EEG alpha, skin conductance and temperature responses.

International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 30, 147-166.

Fine, Thomas; Turner, John Jr. (1982).
The Effects of Brief Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy in the Treatment of Hypertension.

Behavioral Therapist, 1982, 250, 567-570

Schwartz, G. (1982).
Integrating Modern Physics, Psychobiology and REST: an AmusingSynthesis Derived from Systems Theory.

2nd International Conference on REST. pp. 22-48

Stanley J., Mahoney M., & Reppert S. (1982).
REST and the Enhancement of Sports Performance: A Panel Presentation and Discussion.

2nd International Conference on REST. pp.168-183. Toledo, Ohio: IRIS Publications.

Suedfeld, P. (1982).
Behavioral Applications of the Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique.

Social Psychology and Behavioral Medicine

Suedfeld, P., Roy, C., Landon, P.B. (1982).
Restricted Enviornmental Stimulation Therapy in the treatment of Essential Hypertension.

Behavioral Research Therapy, Vol 20 p. 553-559, Great Britian

Scott, Jacque (1981).
Doctors Using Isolation Tanks as Medical Tool.

The Corridor Corral

Adams, H. B. (1980).
Effects of reduced stimulation on institutionalized adult patients.

In P. Suedfeld, Restricted Environmental Stimulation.” Research and Clinical Applications. New York: Wiley, pp. 320-364.

Borrie RA, Suedfeld P. (1980).
Restricted environmental stimulation therapy in a weight reduction program.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7420419?dopt=Abstract

Davidson, D.M.; Winchester, M.A.; Taylor, C.B., Alderman, E.A.; & Ingles, N.B. (1980).
Effects of Relaxation Therapy on Cardiac-Performance and Sympatheric Activity in Patients with Organic Heart Disease.

Psychosomatic Medicine, 1979, 41, 303-309

Suedfeld, P. (1980).
Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Clinical Applications.

NewYork, NY: Wiley & sons

Suedfeld P. & Schwartz G. (1980).
Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST) as a Treatment for Autistic Children.

Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, vol. 4, #3, 196-201

Hood, R.W. Jr., Morris, R.J. (1979).
Sensory Isolation and the Differential Eliciatioin of Religious Imagery in Intrinsic and Extrinsic Persons.

N/A

Welch, R.B. (1978).
Perceptual Modification: Adapting to Altered Sensory Environments.

Academic Press

J.A. Best (1977).
Satiation and sensory deprivation combined in smoking therapy: Some case studies and unexpected side-effects.

International Journal of Addiction, Vol. 12, pp. 337-359

Suedfeld, Peter, and R. D. Hare (1977).
Sensory deprivation in the treatment of snake phobia: behavioral, self-report, and physiological effects.

Behavioral Therapy, Vol. 8, pp.240-250

Tetlock, P. E. and Suedfeld, P. (1976).
Inducing belief instability without a persuasive message: the roles of attitude centrality, individual cognitive differences, and sensory deprivation.

Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 8, 324-333.

Suedfeld, P. (1975).
The Benefits of Boredom: Sensory Deprivation Reconsidered.

American Scientist, Vol. 63, pp.60-69

NA (1975).
The Clinical Relevance of Reduced Sensory Stimulation.

Canadian Psychological Review, Vol. 16, pp. 88-103

Levin, J and Brody, N. (1974).
Information-deprivation and creativity.

Psychological Reports, 35, 231-237.

Suedfeld, P. (1974).
Social isolation: a case for interdisciplinary research..

Canadian Psychologist, 15, 1-15.

Adams, H. B., Cooper, G. D., & Carrerra, R. N. (1972).
Individual differences in behavioral reactions of psychiatric patients to brief partial sensory deprivation.

Perceptual and Motor Skills, 34, 199-217

Bross, M. & Zubek, J.P. (1972).
Progressive increase in the CFF of the non-occluded eye during prolonged monocular deprivation.

Canadian Journal of Psychology

Landon, P. B. & Suedfeld, P. (1972).
Complex cognitive performance and sensory deprivation: completing the U-curve.

Perceptual and Motor Skills, 34, 601-602.

Shore, E. (1971).
Sensory deprivation; preconscious processes and scientific thinking..

American Journal of Orthopsychiatry; 41, 574-580.

Suedfeld, P. (1971).
Evanescence of Sensory Deprivation Effects: A comment on Oleson and Zubek’s ‘Effects of one day of sensory deprivation . . . . ‘.

Perceptual and Motor Skills, 33, 753, 754.

Maier, W.J. (1970).
Sensory Deprivation Therapy of an Autistic Boy.

American Journal of Psychotherapy, Vol. 25, pp. 228-245

Oleson, D. S. and Zubek, J. P. (1970).
The effect on one day of sensory deprivation on a battery of relatively unstructured cognitive tests.

Perceptual and Motor Skills, 31, 919-923.

Suedfeld, P. & Landon, P. B. (1970).
Motivational arousal and task complexity: support for a model of cognitive change in sensory deprivation.

Journal of Experimental Psychology

Rossi, A. M., et al (1969).
Operant Responding for Visual Stimuli during Sensory Deprivation: Effect of Meaningfulness.

Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 79, pp.188-193

Suedfeld, P. (1969).
Changes in intellectual performance and in susceptibilty to influence..

Sensory Deprivation: Fifteen Years of Research.

Zubek, J. (Ed.) (1969).
Sensory Deprivation: Fifteen Years of Research.

New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Fuerst, K. and Zubek, J. P. (1968).
Effects of sensory and perceptual deprivation on a battery
of open-ended cognitive tasks..

Canadian Journal of’Psychology, 22, 122-130.

Suedfeld, P. (1968).
The cognitive effects of sensory deprivation:
the role of task complexity..

Canadian Journal of Psychology

Myers, T. I., Murphy, D. B., Smith, S. and Goffard. S. J. (1966).
Experimental studies of
sensory deprivation and social isolation..

Human Resources Research Office Technical Report No. 66-68, George Washington University. Washington, D.C.

Schultz, Duane P. (1965).
Sensory Restriction: Effects on Behavior.

New York: Academic Press

Adams, H. B. (1964).
Therapeutic Potentialities of Sensory Deprivation Procedures.

International Mental Health Research Newspaper 6(4), 7-9

Suefeld, P. (1964).
Birth order of volunteers for Sensory Deprivation.

Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology

Adams, H. B. Robertson, M. H., Cooper, G. D. (1963).
Facilitating Therapeutic personality change in patients by sensory deprivation..

Paper presented at the International Congress of Psychology

Hanna, I.D.; Burns, N.M.; Tiller, P.R. (1963).
Behavioral and physiological response to varying periods of sensory deprivation.

Air Crew Equipment Laboratory, U.S. Naval Air Material Center, Philadelphia, Bureau of Medicine, 1963, MR005, 13-066.6

Cohen, S.I.; Silverman, A.J.; Shmavonian, B.M. (1962).
Psychophysiological Studies in Altered Sensory Environments.

Journal of Psychomatic Research, 1962, 6, 259-281

Azima, H., Vispo, R.; Azima, F.J. (1961).
Observations on anaclitic therapy during sensory deprivation..

In P. Solomon,
P E. Kubzansky, P. H. Leiderman, J. H. Mendelson, R.
Trumbull & D. Wexler, Eds., Sensory Deprivation, Cambridge,
MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 143-160.

Solomon, Philip. et al, eds. (1961).
Observations of anaclitic therapy during sensory deprivation.

Solomon et al., Sensory deprivation (pp. 143-160)

Solomon, Philip. et al, eds. (1961).
Sensory Deprivation: A Symposium Held at Harvard Medical School.

Harvard University Press

Mendelson, J.; Jubzansky, P.E.; Liederman, P.H.; Wexler, D.; Dutoit, D.; Soloman, P. (1960).
Catecholamine excertion and behavior during sensory deprivation.

Archives of General Psychiatry, 1960, 116, 883-888

Grant, Mark (1959).
Sensory Deprivation and Schizophrenia.

Journal of Mental Science, Vol. 105, pp. 235-237

Bexton, W.H., Heron, W., & Scott, T.H. (1954).
Effects of Decreased Variation in the sensory environment.

Effects of Canadian Journal of Psychology, 8, 70—76. Copyright 1954. Canadian Psychological Association

Heron, W., W. H. Bexton, and D.O. Hebb (1953).
Cognitive Effects of a Decreased Variation to the Sensory Environment.

Book: The Deep Self

Waring, R.H. ().
Sulfate and Sulfation.

http://www.epsomsaltcouncil.org/articles/sulfation_benefits.pdf

n/a ().
Altered States of Consciousness.

http://www.unexplainedstuff.com/Mysteries-of-the-Mind/Altered-States-of-Consciousness.html

n/a ().
Sensory Deprivation.

http://www.altmd.com/Articles/Sensory-Deprivation–Encyclopedia-of-Alternative-M

Barabasz, M.; Barabasz, A.; Darakjy-Jaeger, J.; Justice, T.; Anderson, K.; Trevisan, M. (NA).
Effects of Dry Flotation REST on Hypnotizability, EEG and Skin Conductance in Lighted and Unlighted Conditions.

Washington State University, Pullman, WA

Barabasz, A.; Barabasz, M.; Warner, D.; and Bauman, J. (NA).
The Effects of Dry Flotation REST on Marksmanship Performance: More Data.

Washington State University, Pullman, WA

Barabasz, M.; Barabasz, A. (NA).
REST Effects on Human Performance.

Washington State University, Pullman, WA

Bonk, Richard (NA).
Altered States: From Fiction to Fact: Introducing the Altered Waking States Induction Method.

Wellness Center Etc., Inc.

Christensen, D.; Barabasz, M. (NA).
Effects of REST and Natural Environment Videos on Recovery from Induced Stress.

Washington State University, Pullman, WA

Doré R. Shefransky, A. Betsy McCormick, Thomas H. Fine and John W. Turner, Jr. (NA).
Rheumatoid arthritis.

Medical College of Ohio Toledo, Ohio

Eichorn, D. (NA).
Auditory Signal Detection in Various Levels of Restricted Environmental Stimulation.

University of British Columbia

Fine, Thomas H., M.A. and Borrie, Roderick, Ph.D. (NA).
Flotation REST in Applied Psychophysiology.

NA

Fine, T.H.; McCormick, B.A.; Shefransky, D.O.; and Turner, J.W. PhD. (NA).
Effects of Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy on Cortisol, Pain and Indices of Inflammation in Rheumatoid Arthritics.

Medical College of Ohio, Department of Psychiatry and Department of Physiology.

Holmes Atwater, F. (NA).
Listening To Bunaural Beats to Enhance the Effects of Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy.

research stuff.doc

Hu Pei-Cheng, SU Ying (NA).
Effects of flotation therapy on relaxation and mental state.

.doc

Justice, T.; Barabasz, A.; and Trevisan, M. (NA).
Effects of Six Hours of Lighted and Light-Free Dry Floatation Restricted Environmental Stimulation (REST) on Changes in Absorption and Mood State.

Washington State University, Pullman, WA

McCormick, B.A.; Shafransky, D.R.; Fine, T.H.; and Turner, J.W. Jr. (NA).
Effects of Floatation REST on Serum Cortisol in Rheumatoid Arthritics.

Dept. of Physiology and Molecular Medicine, Medical College of Ohio, 3000 Arlington Avenue, Toledo, OH 43699

Randolfi, E.A. Ph.D. (NA).
A Comparative Physiological and Psychometric Assessment of REST Flotation, Progressive Relaxation and Light-Sound Stimulation Relaxation Training.

research stuff.doc

Richardson, S. (NA).
Enhancing Rowing Ergometer Performance Through Flotation REST.

University of British Columbia

Dr. Schurbruck, M.D., Dr. Bergman, M.D. Juergen Tapprich (NA).
Treatment of Psoriasis.

.doc

Steele, G.D. (NA).
REST as a Capsule Experience: Implications for Future Research.

Human and Leisure
Sciences; Lincoln University New Zealand

Stern, Gary S., Ph.D (NA).
Physiological and Mood Effects of Salt Water Floatation Periods.

Unpublished Paper

Atkinson, Richard (N/A).
Short-Term Exposure to REST: Enhanced Performance on a Signal-Detection Task.

Selected Papers from Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation, p. 93-100

Crawford H. (N/A).
Psychological Comparisons of REST and Hypnosis: Implications for FutureResearch..

Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developmentsand Perspectives. pp. 175-186.